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Reading and Phonics

Picture a school that has reading at the heart of its learning, where the children are immersed in the wider world and the fantastical through high quality and engaging books which stoke their imagination and make them think big. Picture a school where our dedicated indoor and outdoor reading environments encourage pupils to relax and unwind with a genre of books that will help to cultivate their interest, where it is never a surprise to find a child sitting with their friends and enjoying the pleasure of the books they share.

At Wraxall, our aim is to ensure that we teach independent reading so that all children become confident, fluent and lifelong learners. The benefits of reading are vast. It helps us to discover new things, develops our minds and knowledge and extends and improves our spelling and vocabulary.

Our pupils are immersed in reading experiences each day, from listening to stories read by our staff and community members, 1:1 supported reading, guided reading sessions that develop specific skills and knowledge or giving our children time to simply read for pleasure. Our pupils have a good understanding of the texts they read as a result of dedicated weekly vocabulary lessons where a range of unusual and complex words are explored by the whole school. Children love to read and have adventures in the worlds of fact and fiction. Wraxall's reading opportunities engage, challenge and promote a love of learning and discovery.

Reading Schemes 

At Wraxall Primary School we use Unlocking Letters and Sounds as our main reading and phonics scheme, to ensure that children read a range of high quality books to stimulate a love of reading, enabling them to become independent readers. In order for children to improve their fluency, the books on offer ensure development of children’s phonological awareness and knowledge of keywords. Our reading books are grouped in phases and sets, to support progression of learning.

How do we ensure our children make a strong start in Reception? 
  • Daily phonics lessons take place from Reception, following a clear four-part structure. 
  • Opportunities for reading and writing are provided within the phonics lesson and pupils have additional reading practice every day.
  • Formal assessment takes place each term but AfL is used in every lesson to identify pupils who may be falling behind, or who are at risk of falling behind.  
  • Any gaps are then addressed using interventions and support.
How do we ensure reading progression?   
  • 'Unlocking Letters and Sounds' fully decodable books are used throughout Reception and KS1 and into KS2, following the progression of 'Unlocking Letters and Sounds' until pupils are fluent readers.
  • We have ongoing investment in low decoding books for pupils in KS2, as well as additional titles for KS1 to ensure a plentiful supply. 
  • Pupils are expected to read their book four to five times a week at home to practice decoding, build fluency and develop prosody. This strategy is shared with parents through letters and parent meetings.
How do we develop pupils' listening comprehension and language?
  • Children have opportunities to read aloud and talk about stories, poems and non-fiction books.
  • All classes have a story session timetabled in to each day. 
  • A reading comprehension progression document has been written and is used to ensure appropriate progression in the teaching of comprehension skills during reading lessons. (See below for this document.)
  • Appealing reading areas can be found in all classrooms with teachers working to ensure quality books at an age-appropriate level are available for all pupils.
  • Parents are supported to understand the importance of reading to their child, even once they can read fluently, through parent meetings and letters.


We use Unlocking Letters and Sounds which was validated by the DfE in December 2021. We begin teaching phonics in the first few weeks of term 1 in Reception and children make rapid progress in their reading journey. Children begin to learn the main sounds heard in the English Language and how they can be represented, as well as learning ‘Common Exception’ words for Phases 2, 3 and 4. They use these sounds to read and write simple words, captions and sentences. Children leave Reception being able to apply the phonemes taught within Phase 2, 3 and 4.

In Year 1 through Phase 5a, b and c, they learn any alternative spellings and pronunciations for the graphemes and additional Common Exception Words. By the end of Year 1 children will have mastered using phonics to decode and blend when reading and segment when spelling. In Year 1 all children are screened using the national Phonics Screening Check. In Year 2, phonics continues to be revisited to ensure mastery of the phonetic code and any child who does not meet age-related expectations will continue to receive support to close identified gaps. For further details, please see the Unlocking Letters and Sounds progression:

To ensure no child is left behind at any point in the progression, children are regularly assessed and supported to keep up through bespoke 1-1 interventions. These include GPC recognition and blending and segmenting interventions. The lowest attaining 20% of pupils are closely monitored to ensure these interventions have an impact.

Reading Scheme

At Wraxall  CE Primary School we promote a 'phonics first' approach and in both our guided reading sessions at school and in the books children take home, texts are very closely matched to a child's current phonics knowledge so that every child can experience real success in their reading. In these crucial early stages of reading we primarily use books from Ransom Reading Stars Phonics, to ensure complete fidelity to the Unlocking Letters and Sounds progression we follow.


Reading at home

Encouraging your child to read at home for 10 – 15 minutes a day can make a real difference to their reading development. Listening and supporting your child with their reading will aid their progress, helping them to become successful learners.

Remember to challenge their understanding of what they have read. At school we use VIPERS to support children's comprehension of the books and text that they are reading







Talk to your child about their book and ask questions. Get them to make predictions and reflect upon what they have read e.g.

  • Which character did you like/dislike? Why?
  • Why do you think the character was happy/sad?
  • Why did the author choose the word…?
  • What emotions did you feel when reading the story? why?

We ask that you listen to your child read at least 4/5 times a week, recording your comments in their reading record book. This is a very important part of communication between home and school learning.


Vocabulary plays a crucial role in making yourself understood, expressing your ideas and understanding new learning. There is much research undertaken into vocabulary and its importance in securing high future outcomes. 

Each class spends dedicated time each week learning new vocabulary. This could be through acting them out, talking them through and writing with them. They have to read and recognise them, understand their meaning and apply them to create different sentences. 

How do we build talking and listening into all activities across the whole day? 
  • Class discussions, story time sessions, circle time, PSHE lessons and 'talk partners' are all opportunities for pupils to build talking and listening skills. 
  • Whole class reading lessons take place from Year 3 to Year 6 and where appropriate in Year 1 and Year 2, giving many opportunities for pupils to listen, build vocabulary and talk about texts. 
  • Where teachers have concerns regarding a child's speech and language skills, discussion is had between the school and home and advice is sought from the SENDCo. A referral to an external agency is made, if necessary.
  • Teachers may use 'talk partners' in lessons. 


At Wraxall, children develop their writing skills through well planned sequences of lessons with engaging texts at the heart of lessons. These provide real purpose and audience for the children to write in a range of genres and practise skills in context. From opportunities to write emails to Superheroes to request their help, job advertisements for NASA engineers, to creating their own versions of the magical world of Narnia, the excitement never ends!

We encourage children to think like a writer: ‘why has the author used this device?’, ‘What effect does it have?’ and ‘How does it draw the reader in?’

Children have regular engaging spelling lessons which aim to build upon their phonic knowledge, teach alternative sound patterns, statutory words, common exceptions and topic based vocabulary. Each week children are explicitly taught weekly spelling patterns and receive spellings, following these patterns to practise at home.  Children are actively encouraged to investigate and explore patterns and find additional spellings which fit the focus for themselves.

An essential part of a lesson is teaching the children various strategies and methods which will help them to learn spelling, such as mnemonics, learning rules, breaking into syllables, highlighting the difficult part to focus on, or the ‘look, say, cover, write, check’ approach. Please see documents below for further support on learning spellings. 

At Wraxall CE Primary School we believe SPAG is an essential part of the English Curriculum, ensuring all children develop the necessary skills to express themselves coherently and communicate effectively. Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar (SPAG), is taught both discreetly and, embedded within our high quality book based English units of work, thus ensuring children are continually building upon and consolidating their learning. 

Here is our overview of Literacy Texts, many being from Literacy Tree, which support our writing.


At Wraxall CE Primary school we follow the Herts for Leanring, ESSENTIALSpelling scheme.

ESSENTIALspelling is a whole class approach to teaching spelling that enables all children to succeed and gives teachers the unique tools to make that happen. ESSENTIALspelling teaches about the words rather than learning words from a list. It looks at the word construction rather than rote learning. It teaches the children knowledge and understanding of rules and patterns that they can then apply to spelling across the curriculum. ESSENTIALspelling focusses on how spelling needs to be valued, taught, talked about, practised, applied and revisited. 


The lesson structure is similar to a phonics lesson in KS1. We believe ESSENTIALspelling  gives an even higher priority to spelling and helps support all children to begin to understand HOW to spell. They do this not only through spelling rules, but games and activities with a practical approach.


If you would like to read more about ESSENTIALspelling you can follow this link:


Mystery Readers

We love to get our parents and families involved in books and celebrating our reading journeys. Parents, aunts, uncles, grannies, grandads and cousins are invited into school to surprise their relative by taking on the role of a 'Mystery Reader'. This special role comprises of a surprise appearance in your child's class and reading/sharing a book for 15-20 minutes with the class. This is hugely popular and the children have loved hearing different stories from their 'mystery' readers!

Useful Reading Website Links

'The Hive' - Our School Library

Our school library was relaunched in March 2019.  We held a competition and the children were challenged to think of a name for this room. As you will see, this is a real multi-purpose room and so the winning name was 'The Hive' which is a great name for this space. Our launch day was on World Book Day and we all dressed up, had a 'Big Booky Breakfast' with a breakfast provided in a sandwich bag from local store 'Budgens' in Wraxall. We raised money to fund books for our new library and also to fund books in other countries. We also shared books across age groups, had a special bee-shaped celebration cake and got to spend some time exploring our 'new' room.

Reading is such an important part of everyday life. We wanted this space to be appealing and comfortable and it has become a room that the children really enjoy spending time in. This special room is used to support our learning in lots of different ways. We are really fortunate that we have a regular supply of new and high quality books thanks to the support of the FWSA and also our fundraising through our second hand book sales.